Several countries lie entirely on the mainland of southeast asia. The mons are one of the earliest ethnic groups from southeast asia and as the region shifted and grew, new inhabitants to burma adopted the mon peoples culture, script, and religion. Ethnic groups of mainland southeast asia lebar, frank m on. Essays on various ethic groups in mainland southeast asia including the mon, karen, yao, hmong, and various tai groups. It includes the countries of cambodia, laos, myanmar burma, peninsular malaysia, thailand and vietnam. Foster, dean, school of arts and sciences, university of nebraska. Morphological typology, north east india and mainland southeast asia. It understates ethnic diversity in most all countries.
A number of languages in mainland southeast asia are influenced by the mon language. The six essays on specific ethnic groups are written by five anthropologists and a linguist, all of whom have had long experience in the region. It shares a border with malaysia in the northern part of borneo and with papua new guinea in the centre of new guinea. On the southeast asian mainland, the khmers settled cambodia and vietnam. Which southeast asian countrys largest ethnic group is the tagalog. Guide to reading main idea the countries of mainland southeast asia rely on agriculture as a major source of wealth. With about 240 million adherents, islam is the most prevalent religion in southeast asia. The rest of the island of new guinea which is not part of indonesia, namely, papua new guinea, is sometimes included, and so are palau, guam, and the northern mariana islands. From prehistoric to historic times, possibly beginning as early as 60,000 years ago, movements from southwest asia continued toward europe and into central asia. Ethnic groups of north or central asia russians russia.
The mon were a source of influence on the culture of myanmar and thailand. Chinese migration to southeast asia began well before the modern era, but major waves of migration from china occurred in the. East asians is a term used for ethnic groups that are indigenous to east asia, which. Lebar, 1964, human relations area files press edition, in english. Most of the early arrivals came from two distinct groups. They cohabited with tribal groups like the negritos in the philippines and papuans of new. However, in recent years, with dramatic events such as the end of the cold war, the globalization process, the opening up of the peoples republic of china prc and ethnic chinese investments in their ancestral land, people have begun to question the identity of the chinese again. Ethnic groups across national boundaries in mainland southeast asia. Ceramic kiln lineages in mainland southeast asia, by don hein introduction to jars in the life of ethnic groups in the central highlands of vietnam, by luu hung ceramic kiln sites in the songkhram river basin, by walailak songsiri. The archaeology of the early cultures of mainland southeast asia has been transformed in the ten years since charles higham published the first major summary of the period from 0 bc to the fall of the kingdom of angkor. Apart from negrito, which is a physical description, they are here arranged. When languages are spoken historically in the same location they often show significant parallels. Sidel london school of economics in two landmark essays published in 1973, the eminent anthropologist clifford. This woman belongs to the padaung ethnic group found in myanmar and thailand.
They have traditionally resided in the inland region of sabah. Ethnic groups of mainland southeast asia and adjoining. Pdf reimagining plural identities in multicultural. Isbn 9789814786645 ebook, pdf typeset by superskill graphics pte ltd printed in singapore by mainland press pte ltd. Ethnic groups across national boundaries in mainland sea. In terms of asian people, there is an abundance of ethnic groups in asia, with adaptations to the climate zones of the continent, which include arctic, subarctic, temperate, subtropical or tropical, as well as extensive desert regions in central and western asia. Morphological typology, north east india and mainland.
We explored the genetic structure between them and other ethnic groups from thailand to clarify historical patterns of admixture between tai. Ethnic minorities and indgenous peoples in southeast asia pdf. Evidence from recent research on human trafficking and irregular migration in southeast asia illustrates some shift in the notion of trafficking. As its title suggests, this book is about ethnic groups whose areas cross national boundaries. Indonesia is the largest country in southeast asia, with a maximum dimension from east to west of about 3,200 miles 5,100 km and an extent from north to south of 1,100 miles 1,800 km. They cover a range of data and problems which should be of interest to all scholars of southeast asia, as well as those interested in ethnic identity and contemporary social and political processes.
Genetic substructure may exist in the thai population, since waves of migration from southern. Mainland southeast asia synonyms, mainland southeast asia pronunciation, mainland southeast asia translation, english dictionary definition of mainland southeast asia. Chapter 5 mainland southeast asia, asean and the major powers. What is the most common religion in most of mainland southeast asia. It includes articles and categories that can also be found in the parent category, or in diffusing subcategories of the parent. South asia and mainland southeast real asia, indosphere and sinosphere, north east india. A peninsula of southeast asia comprising vietnam, laos, cambodia, thailand, myanmar, and the mainland territory of malaysia. Chapter 5 mainland southeast asia, asean and the major powers in east asian regional order thitinan pongsudhirak the twists and turns of east asias elusive regionalism regionbuilding endeavours in east asia have thus far made little headway. Genetic relatedness of indigenous ethnic groups in northern borneo to neighboring populations from southeast asia, as inferred from genomewide snp data. This ethnic group migrated south into vietnam from parts of asia. The flood myth and the origin of ethnic groups in southeast asia virtually every ethnic group in mainland southeast asia tells myths ofa great deluge that leaves only two survivors alive to reconstitute humanity and to create the ethnic groups of the region. Sri lanka has on some occasions been considered a part of southeast asia because of its cultural ties to mainland southeast asia.
A short history of south east asia1 stanford university. He further mentiones that the tension between ethnicity and nationalism is one of the central driving forces in the construction of the. The ancestral population of modern asian people has its origins in the two primary prehistoric. Genetic relatedness of indigenous ethnic groups in. Ethnic groups across national boundaries in mainland sea southeast asia als download. Covers the area from mandalay, burma eastward to wuzhou, china and from the west section of yangtze river southward to northern parts of malaysia and indonesia. In which southeast asian country do 40 percent of the regions people live. This diversity is related to its position as a focus of converging land and sea routes. Thanks to the authors for what is often an unromantic but. Myanmar myanmar, also called burma, is about the size of texas. The six essays on specific ethnic groups are written by five anthropologists and a linguist, all of. Later prehistoric cultures of island and mainland southeast asia recent discovery and excavation of a sa huynh culture site on ly son island central vietnam thi ninh pham pdf. New haven, human relations area files press 1964 ocolc577123090 online version. This paper will examine the state of the study of ethnic tourism in mainland southeast asia in light of wimmers and brubakers paradigmatic approaches to ethnicity.
Thailand is at the center of mainland southeast asia msea, a region within. The languages of mainland southeast asia msea form a linguistic area, which stretches from thailand to china and spans the sinotibetan, hmongmien or miaoyao, kradai, austronesian represented by chamic and austroasiatic families. This category has the following 23 subcategories, out of 23 total. The more recent majority are an ethnic group called the karenni. Indian traders, adventurers, teachers and priests continued to be the dominating influence in south east asia until about a. Laotians and lao isan are widely spread lao groups who live in laos and northeastern thailand, respectively. Ideally suited for high school and undergraduate students studying subjects such as anthropology, geography, and social.
Though there are a multitude of specific ethnic groups, a number of the larger ones stand out with recognizable populations. The survivorstypically a brother and sister, or a woman and dogmust. This group now makes up about 90 percent of vietnam, though small numbers. Thailand is at the center of mainland southeast asia msea, a region within asia that has not been extensively studied. This paper provides a brief description of the literature of southeast asia. The middle of the 11th century saw a decline of buddhism in southeast asia. Ethnic groups of mainland southeast asia 1964 edition. In addition, over the span of human habitation, the region alternately has been a bridge and a barrier to the movement of people. Ethnic groups in asia vahid rashidvash fatemeh moosavi mirak. Pdf ebook files for this publication are available as detailed below. Culture and adaptation in mainland southeast asia has long been recognized as the best allaround introduction to the diverse cultural. Asia, buddhism, class, culture, diaspora, ethnic groups, ethnicity, gender, islam, plural societies.
It lies east of the indian subcontinent and south of china and is bordered by the indian ocean to the west and the pacific ocean to the east. Pdf southeast asian ethnic tourism in a changing world. This module provides indepth understanding of the cultural underpinnings of mainland south east asia, focusing principally on vietnam, thailand and burmamyanmar. Largescale mitochondrial dna analysis in southeast asia. Apart from negrito, which is a physical description, they are here arranged according to the family their languages belong to. Other arrivals from myanmar have come from the many other ethnic minorities in the country mon, shan, pao. The shift can be observed in the nature of recruiters and transporters, the process of trafficking, and exploitation in place of destination. Historically, certain cities in both countries today, including yangon and bangkok were founded either by the mon people or mon rulers. They are myanmar,thailand,laos,cambodia,and vietnam.
Wangkumhang p1, shaw pj, chaichoompu k, ngamphiw c, assawamakin a, nuinoon m, sripichai o, svasti s, fucharoen s, praphanphoj v, tongsima s. Myanmar is the largest country in mainland southeast asia with a population of 55 million people subdivided into more than 100 ethnic groups. Recent research on human trafficking in mainland southeast. Insight into the peopling of mainland southeast asia from thai. This region includes thousands of islands and a long arm of land called the malay peninsula. Ethnic groups across national boundaries in mainland southeast. Lebar, hickey and musgrave, ethnic groups of mainland southeast asia. The major ethnic groups that form the core of east asia are the han, joseon, and yamato. Amara pongsapich, ethnic groups in southeast asia, journal of asian.
Dynamic of ethnic relations in southeast asia 3 thoroughly interdependent, yet distinct and often actually opposition to each other. New haven, human relations area files press 1964 ocolc606538531. White 1 introduction the study of cultural diversity is central to the discipline of anthropology hannerz 2010, but anthropological archaeologists who specialise in mainland southeast asia. Mainland southeast asia has experienced considerable economic growth in recent decades, and while the socioeconomic conditions of much of the regions population have materially improved, economic development has come at a costsome would argue a very high costand has certainly been uneven. This book is a collection of rather dissimilar papers on a common theme. The essays sample groups according to a conventional division of the peoples of southeast asia those that live in the plains the thai and the mon, the middle slopes the lua and the karen, and the high mountains the hmong and the yao. Theravada buddhism spread through mainland southeast asia and by 500 ad was present in burma, thailand, cambodia. The ethnic groups of southeast asia comprise many different linguistic stocks. Southeast asia s population includes a wide variety of ethnic groups and cultures. Emergence of cultural diversity in mainland southeast asia. Mainland southeast asia definition of mainland southeast. Ethnic groups across national boundaries in mainland. Despite their common interests, east asian countries have been unable to organise themselves.
Southeast asias ethnic crises in modernity new mandala. Other ethnic groups of east asia include the bai, hui, tibetans, manchus, ryukyuan, ainu, zhuang, and mongols. Finally, the book deals with how the various ethnic groups are trying to cope with decades of conflict and reconstruct their communities. Institute of southeast asian studies, 1990 it is no easy task for an editor to put together a volume on as diverse a subject as ethnic relations in southeast asia, and at the same time attempt a conceptual integration of it. The countries and regions of mainland southeast asia sea are linked together through their membership in the association of southeast asian nations asean, the greater mekong subregion gms, and the asian infrastructure investment bank aiib. Southeast asia in comparative historical perspective john t. Ruled by changing kingdoms and dynasties and lying on the trade route between india and china, myanmar was influenced by numerous cultures. It updates and expands the coverage of embree and thomass ethnic groups of northern southeast asia 1950 and proves a good companion to embree and dotsons bibliography of the peoples and cultures of main land southeast asia 1950. Besides indigenous southeast asians, many east asians and south asians call southeast asia their home. Genetic structure of the ethnic lao groups from mainland. Mainland southeast asia article about mainland southeast. Knowledge classification on ethnic groups in thailand. Insight into the peopling of mainland southeast asia from. From the 11th to th century the khmer empire dominated the southeast asian peninsula.
Kadai and austroasiatic speakers, and to expand the forensic reference database for the region. While compiled decades ago, lebar, hickey and musgrave ethnic groups of mainland southeast asia and lebar, ethnic groups of insular southeast asia, both yale, human relations area files press, are much more accurate and complete. Written by leading scholars in southeast asia, including both ethnic chinese and nonchinese, the volume also explores the position of the ethnic chinese in contemporary as well as the future southeast asia, providing readers with a most uptodate and comprehensive study on the subject. There is considerable ethnolinguistic and genetic variation among human populations in asia, although tracing the origins of this diversity is complicated by migration events. Early cultures of mainland southeast asia charles higham. The flood myth and the origin of ethnic groups in southeast asia.
In mindanao security from attack was sometimes provided by the construction of tree houses cole 1968. Ethnic groups of mainland southeast asia book, 1964. The emergence of agriculture in mainland southeast asia appears to have resulted in a subsistence shift from hunting terrestrial and arboreal game to a combined huntinganimal management. The dataset was merged with public datasets, and the genetic relatedness of these groups to neighboring populations from the islands of southeast asia, mainland southeast asia and southern china was inferred. Ethnic groups of mainland southeast asia by frank m. Indonesia facts, people, and points of interest britannica. Ethnic groups of north or central asia free download as powerpoint presentation. The ethnic mosaic of southeast asia is a result of the emergence of local differences between people that have evolved into identifiable cultural or ethnic groups. Ethnic groups map of mainland south east asia showing international boundaries, water features and populated places. Ethnic diversity and social change in southeast asia. Pdf genetic relatedness of indigenous ethnic groups in. The chinese in southeast asia have gained some measure of acceptance in the local scene. This area, which embraces the region south of china and east of india, includes the modern nations of burma, thailand, cambodia, laos, vietnam, the philippines, malaysia and indonesia.623 1492 956 564 1316 545 236 697 1504 1032 390 1304 740 1479 662 589 126 1226 876 1426 759 537 692 754 305 792 284